In order to build strong alliances and avoid fragmentation, social movements must recognise and address diverse identities and politics among their members.

In this section you'll find resources examining the relationships between gender and identities based on factors such as sexual orientation, class, caste, ethnicity and disability. You can also find out more about the links between women's and feminist movements and others such as the climate and economic justice movements.

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  • Gender, minorities, and indigenous peoples

    F. Banda, C. Chinkin
    Minority Rights Group International , 2004
    The aim of this report is to encourage those working on minority and indigenous peoples’ rights to consider the issues from a gender perspective, and to encourage those working on gender equality and women’s rights to include minorities and indigenous peoples within their remit. This paper acknowledges and challenges the male-normative framework from which minority rights issues are often considered.

    The paper examines issues including:

    • basic concepts in discrimination
    • international human rights law, including how international law approaches racial discrimination, rights and minorities of indigenous people, sex and gender discrimination, sex and gender minorities
    • the intersection of race and sex discrimination
    • minority and indigenous women and culture
    • membership, citizenship, and family values

    The authors' conclusions and recommendations include:

    • that, although international law instruments prohibit a range of discriminations, without the lessons of intersectionality there is only an incomplete picture of the discriminations faced by minority and indigenous women
    • international standards are insufficient but must be used in conjunction with a range of social, economic and political measures to redress the position of minority and indigenous women, and to reinforce their agency and empowerment
    • At the national level, initiatives should be taken to increase the participation of minorities in education, to enhance access to health and other public services, and to law and legal institutions to remedy violations of rights
    • states should encourage recruitment of minority and indigenous women into law enforcement bodies, social service bodies and other administrative bodies with which there is contact
    • States, intergovernmental organizations and NGOs should develop clear, long-term strategies when working on gender equality and minority and indigenous rights with the full and effective participation of minorities and indigenous groups, including men and women, at all stages including design, implementation and monitoring