While there is still a need for specific guidance and materials on building gender-just movements, there are resources and tools, often developed in women's or feminist movements, that other social movements and activists can adapt and use to promote change. Here you can explore a selection of these materials.
ILO Participatory Gender AuditInternational Labour Organization , 2007
A Participatory Gender Audit is a tool and a process, based on participatory approaches, which assesses whether internal practices and systems for gender mainstreaming are effective and whether they are being followed. Participatory gender audits are used at an individual, team and organisational level to promote learning on how to integrate gender concerns throughout an institution. The International Labour Organization (ILO) began this process in October 2001 and has since expanded its audits to cover field offices, major constituents, such as the International Confederation of Free Trade Unions (ICFTU), and United Nations agency offices in Zimbabwe and Mozambique. This eight-page brochure gives an overview of the ILO's experience of carrying out participatory gender audits and lists some key findings and outcomes. It underlines how, through the audit process, country-specific plans and strategies for gender equality and mainstreaming have been developed. In Sri Lanka, for example, where gender audits were carried out in 2004 with the Ministry of Labour and Employment, the Employers' Federation of Ceylon (EFC), and two trade union federations, a Gender Bureau was created in the Ministry of Labour and Employment, and gender task forces were set up in all audited units to monitor the implementation of audit recommendations.http://www.ilo.org/dyn/gender/docs/RES/171/F52553087/ILO%20Participatory%20Gender%20Audit%20brochure.pdf | http://www.ilo.org/dyn/gender/docs/RES/171/F79948910/03_fr_gender_audit.pdf
Charter of feminist principles for African feministsAfrican Women's Development Forum, 2006The Charter of Feminist Principles for African Feminists was formed out of a movement building initiative known as The African Feminist Forum(AFF), a regional forum bringing together African feminist activists to deliberate on critical issues affecting the movement for collective action at regional and national levels. The Feminist Charter was adopted at the first convening in 2006. It was formed out of a need for a framework to guide analysis, practice and organising as individuals and as a collective.
The charter has been disseminated as far afield as Latin America and South East Asia in addition to Africa and has been translated into Spanish, Kiswahili (spoken in East Africa) and Wolof (spoken in West Africa). It has been used as a resource for training, awareness raising, mobilisation and constituency building, advocacy, organisational monitoring and review as well as education and policy development. It has been instrumental in shaping attitudes and practice especially within the women’s movement in Africa. This has led to better programming, partnerships and alliances especially on some of the more ‘controversial’ women’s rights issues such as sexual rights.
An introduction to gender audit methodology: its design and implementation in DFID MalawiOverseas Development Institute, 2005
This background paper outlines the methodology used during an audit of the UK Department for International Development's (DFID) gender equality and mainstreaming work in Malawi. The audit comprised both an internal organisational assessment and an external assessment of development objectives. The auditors examined policy papers, terms of reference, and project memorandums and communications, among other documents. Focus group discussions were also conducted on institutional and operational/programming gender mainstreaming issues. These were held with three groups: combined male and female UK staff, female Malawian staff, and male Malawian staff. In addition, self-assessment questionnaires, made up of 18 multiple choice and three open-ended questions, were administered to all staff to measure internal organisational change. The questionnaires covered both technical capacity and institutional culture. Questions included:
- Does DFID Malawi offer you enough opportunities to strengthen your knowledge of gender issues in your professional or technical area?
- How often do you integrate gender explicitly in your work?
- Does DFID Malawi have an active policy to promote gender equality and respect for diversity in decision-making, behaviour, work ethics, and so on? If so, how would you rate its effectiveness?
Lessons are drawn from DFID Malawi's experience, including the importance of obtaining political commitment and institutional 'buy-in', and the benefits of using a participatory approach. The importance of designing methodological tools to track gender issues in new aid modalities is also highlighted. If this does not happen, gender audits will remain little more than purely programmatic tools.
Great Ancestors: Women Asserting Rights in Muslim Contexts - A Training and Information KitShirkat Gah, 2005
There is a myth that women's rights struggles are alien to Islamic societies. When taken as fact, these myths can lead to disengagement with contemporary women's rights discourse and deter women from standing up for their rights. By tracing the efforts of women in Muslim contexts to assert their rights from the 8th century through to the 1950s, this training and information kit challenges the notion that the struggle for women's rights has been confined to Europe and North America. The kit comprises a training module and a volume of narratives which explore: women's assertions of control in their personal and family lives; the solidarity actions they have undertaken in support of other women; and the efforts of female scholars, saints and political activists to improve their societies. The module is based on cameos of women's lives and on extracts from their writings to illustrate women's historical efforts to affirm their rights. These have been converted into a script of narrative pieces to be read aloud. The book of narratives provides details of the lives and struggles of women which are not covered in the training module and gives detailed references of sources used.