Progressive men's movements have committed to transforming gender norms and patriarchal behaviours, and individual men within social movements play an important role as allies in pressing for change in behaviours and practices. These resources illustrate good practice in this area.
Review of research on collective action and engaging men to tackle gender based violenceBRIDGE, 2012The aim of this review is to pull together examples of research that shows how collective forms of agency (whether in the form of social movements, coalitions or groups) have made a difference in eliciting positive social change in relation to gender-based violence; and highlights ways in which engaging men and masculinities on gender based violence issues has made a difference.
This document is divided into two sections. The first gives an overview of the key points emerging from the research identified on the above topics. The second is an annotated bibliography which lists and summarises the research. The documents considered include both peer reviewed research and grey literature.http://www.eldis.org/vfile/upload/4/document/1304/Accountable%20grant%20GBV%20literature%20review%20final%20draft.pdf
Mobilising men in practice: challenging sexual and gender based violence in institutional settingsInstitute of Development Studies UK, 2012
This document brings together stories, tools and lessons from the work of the Mobilising Men programme, a partnership looking at ways of engaging men as gender activists. Set up in 2009, the programme involves country partners in Kenya, India and Uganda who identify, recruit, train and support teams of male activists who then work with women to challenge and change institutional settings that enable and enact violence against women. The programme is supported by the Institute of Development Studies and the United Nations Population Fund.
The document is split into several sections. These are:
• Becoming activists for change
o Reflect on our journeys
o Be a strong ally
o Look at our privilege
o Get and give support
• Understanding institutional violence
o Begin with an analysis of power
o Look at conditions as well as behaviours
o Document the violence
• Taking action for change
o Design the campaign
o Select strategies for action
o Improve rights literacy of constituency
o Change and monitor institutional policy
o Change institutional culture
The first section begins with the personal stories of activists for change from Kenya, Uganda and India. There is an activist life mapping tool that can help activists to think about the experiences and people that led them to take action against injustice and violence. There is also a ‘why should men change?’ tool and handout which help to identify men’s interests in joining the struggle for gender equality, and a section containing information and tools on understanding male privilege, helping to highlight the costs to men as well as women.
The second section includes an analysis unpacking different types of power: power over, power within, power to and power with. It explores how these types relate to violence, and introduces patriarchy into the analysis. There is an actor-factor analysis tool which has been created to improve understanding of the institutional conditions that enable gender based violence to take place, and what opportunities exist to change these. There is guidance on documenting violence, and examples of how activists in the programme have done this under challenging circumstances.
The final section on taking action includes practical tools on planning and developing and implementing campaigns, including handouts on organising protests and in facilitating group discussions. There are also examples of strategies used by Mobilising Men partners to educate people about their rights around gender based and sexual violence, making rights information accessible and relevant for everyday lives, and gaining the support of powerful allies. Finally there are stories of the success that activists involved in the programme have had in challenging institutional policies that fail to address gender based violence, and how the campaigns they have developed are beginning to challenge and change harmful institutional cultures too.http://www.ids.ac.uk/idspublication/mobilising-men-in-practice-challenging-sexual-and-gender-based-violence-in-institutional-settings
Policy approaches to engaging men and boys in achieving gender equality and health equityWorld Health Organization , 2010To reduce gender inequalities, efforts to transform men’s behaviours need to increase. Policy processes and mechanisms are key elements in engaging men and boys to bring about this change. This policy brief outlines the rationale for such an approach, offers a framework to integrate men into policies that reduce gender inequality and health inequities, and highlights some successful initiatives. Among the suggested ways to build capacity and sustain momentum is for men to be encouraged to take responsibility for advocating gender equality agendas; and that governments generate more expertise on men, masculinities and gender equality by creating and funding corresponding institutional support mechanisms. It is also recommended that civil society be strengthened so that it may have the capacity to monitor policy compliance and implementation. This document was produced with ﬁnancial support from the United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA).
Defying the odds: lessons learned from Men for Gender Equality NowAfrican Women's Development & Communication Network , 2009Men for Gender Equality Now (MEGEN) was initially set up as a project within FEMNET. It is now registered as an independent organisation, with more than 200 active members, working in 7 districts and 15 constituencies around Kenya. MEGEN has found that that there are many men even in the most traditional and patriarchal societies that believe in and support gender equality. These men need to be reached, encouraged, empowered and mobilised to become part of the movement of men who are committed to the fight against gender-based violence.
This report documents some of MEGEN's work during its first five years of operations, and activists share their personal experiences and stories. It is hoped that the report will encourage other organisations to learn from the work showcased here.
Politicising Masculinities: Beyond the PersonalBRIDGE, 2008This is a report of a symposium convened by IDS researchers in Senegal in October 2007 on the topic of men, gender and power. An interactive, participatory approach was taken over three days, to allow the group of 40 academics, policy makers, practitioners and activists maximum opportunities for sharing and learning. Over the course of the symposium participants arrived at four key areas of discussion: new ways of theorising; male bodies and sexualities; shaping policies and transforming institutions; and mobilisation, activism and movement building.
The fourth area on mobilisation, activism and movement building brought up the question “What would work with men look like if we took seriously issues of social mobilisation?” Participants felt that organisations working with men tend to focus on behaviour change strategies employed in community education programmes, rather than engaging men within broader struggles for social and gender justice. They came up with several strategies for action to promote men’s mobilisation around structural inequalities and injustices, including:
• Consciousness raising on structural issues
• Mobilising men to campaign for changes in government policy, the legal system and corporate practice
• Capacity building for men as activists
• Training on partnership building and the functioning of social movements
The importance of identifying common agendas for collaborative work was emphasised, and participating in political spaces was seen as a key way to build alliances and promote dialogue between movements.